Community Development Halton wishes to acknowledge the Social Planning and Research Council of British Columbia, SPARC BC, for the development of the materials in Canada Votes 2004. Community Development Halton has made changes to this material in order to reflect the Ontario reality.
How can our Society ensure income security for all its members? There are two main pillars for ensuring income security - the market and transfers from government. Market income included savings and investments, but is mostly concerned with income from employment insurance and self-employment. Transfers from government include employment insurance (E.I.) or income when someone is not able to obtain employment (CPP Disability and other programs). The amount of income received from the market and transfers determines if an individual has sufficient income to escape poverty.
Barriers to Employment: Some people may have barriers to employment. A shortage of affordable quality childcare prevents, blocks some parents from working. Recent increases in tuition fees have made it difficult for low-income students to access post-secondary education. Many workplaces cannot accommodate people with disabilities, which denies them employment opportunities.
Wages: Job quality and wage levels in the labour market can vary significantly as well. Minimum wages set the ï¿½floorï¿½ (lowest possible wage), and one way that the federal government could provide leadership would be by increasing the federal minimum wage to $10/hour.
Employment Insurance: Currently, that are no guarantees of employment for all that want work, and national unemployment levels continue to hover around 8%. However, changes in eligibility for Employment Insurance have reduced the number of successful claimants to about half what it was in the 1980s.
Income Transfers: Since 1970, Canada has made great strides in reducing the level of poverty among seniors by introducing a range of income transfers. This has not been the case for families with children of persons with a disability. One way for the federal government to help could be to increase the Canada Child Tax Benefit. However, the federal government would need to get an agreement from the provinces to stop the practice of lowering rates of income assistance every time federal benefits are increased.
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